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MEDITERRANEAN DIET


We have all heard and read about the Mediterranean Diet, which seems to be so popular in newspapers, magazines and especially diet books. Spain is one of more than a dozen countries on the Mediterranean Sea, enjoying lots of sunshine. Therefore, Spanish food contains a wide variety of fresh fruits and vegetables, grains and nuts, a huge selection fish from the Atlantic and Mediterranean, as well as red meat and pork. Although each Mediterranean country has its own cuisine and unique dietary customs, there are general characteristics that are the same throughout the Mediterranean, including Spain:
  • Fresh fruits & Vegetables, bread, potatoes, nuts and beans are eaten daily in large quantities.
  • Olive oil is the primary source of fat, which is a monounsaturated fat (sometimes called the “good fats”) and does not raise blood cholesterol in the same way that saturated fats and trans fats do.
  • Fish is eaten several times a week and contains omega-3 oils, thought to reduce the risk of heart disease.
  • Meat and poultry are eaten in smaller quantities.
  • Wine is consumed moderately.
Recent News
  • One of the most interesting facts about the Mediterranean diet, and perhaps the reason why it has generated so much attention in the USA is that although 40-50% of the calories in the traditional Mediterranean diet come from fat, the incidence of heart disease and cancer in the Mediterranean is lower than in the USA.
  • Recently, studies of the diet on the Greek island of Crete have appeared in the news, with more intriguing information regarding lower incidents of allergies and asthma in children.
  • Several recently published studies of school-aged children in Spain found that they are rejecting the traditional Mediterranean diet in favor of snacks, soft drinks and fast food, which are high in saturated fat and calories, and lower in nutritional value. (Research published by the Centro Nacional de Alimentación. Agencia Española de Seguridad Alimentaria. Spain)



I* COMPREHENSION (4 points: questions 1-3, 1 point each; 4-5, 0.5 point each)
ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-3 ACCORDING TO THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN THE TEXT. USE YOUR OWN WORDS.
1). Why does Mediterranean diet attracts attention of USA?
2). What are the main advanteges if the Mediterranean diet?
3). What is happening to Spanish kids?

ARE THESE STATEMENTS TRUE OR FALSE? JUSTIFY YOUR ANSWERS WITH WORDS OR PHRASES FROM THE TEXT.
4). Each country says that they have a unique diet, but really all countries in the Mediterranean Sea have the same diet.
5). A study has demonstrated that Spanish children eat the Mediterranean diet as well as snacks, soft drinks and fast food.


II* USE OF ENGLISH (3 points; questions 6-9, 0.25 points each; 10-13, 0.5 points each)
6). FIND IN THE TEXT THE WORD WHICH HAS THE FOLLOWING DEFINITION:
-A periodical publication containting articles and illustrations.
7). WHICH WORD DOES NOT HAVE THE SAME MEANING?:
Till / Thunder / Grow / Cultivate
8). FIND IN THE TEXT ONE SYNONYM FOR “Decline” (verb).
9). FILL IN THE GAP WITH THE CORRECT OPTION:
“The children….the Mediterranean diet in favour of” “Gave in / Gave out / Gave away / Gave up”
10). COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING CONDITIONAL SENTENCE:
“If she had a lot of money, she…”
11).REWRITE THE SENTENCE WITHOUT CHANGING ITS MEANING. BEGINAS INDICATED:
“The lorry driver might have caused the accident”
“The accident might…”
12). USE THE WORDS IN THE BOXES TO MAKE A MEANINGFUL SENTENCE. USE ALL AND ONLY THE WORDS IN THE BOXES WITHOUT CHANGING THEIR FORM:
DIDN’T / YOU / HELPED / BUT / HAVE / WOULD / I / TIME / HAVE / I
13). FILL IN THE GAP WITH A CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB IN BRACKETS
“Kevin … (must/move) the boxes last night.