The take-down of Megaupload.com, one of the world's biggest filesharing websites, has prompted retaliation from self-styled "hacktivist" group Anonymous, which has launched a string of online attacks against US government bodies including the FBI and the Justice Department. Anonymous said: "We Anonymous are launching our largest attack ever on government and music industry sites," said a statement purporting to be from the Anonymous group. "The FBI didn't think they would get away with this did they? They should have expected us."

Megaupload was taken offline on Thursday after US prosecutors accused seven men behind the site of cheating copyright holders out of $500m.

The Department of Justice described the action as "among the largest criminal copyright cases" ever brought by the US government.

Established in 2005, Megaupload offered users a "one-click" upload for content and boasted 50 million daily visitors shortly before it was closed.

Graham Clulely, senior technology consultant at security firm Sophos, said that users could be unwittingly taking part in unlawful distributed denial of service (DDos) attacks simply by clicking on dodgy links: "In the past, Anonymous has encouraged supporters to install a program called LOIC (Low Orbit Ion Cannon) which allows computers to join in an attack on a particular website, blasting it with unwanted traffic. This time, things are slightly different: you only have to click on a web link to launch a DDoS attack. If you visit the webpage, and do not have JavaScript disabled, you will instantly, without user interaction, begin to flood a website of Anonymous's choice with unwanted traffic, helping to perpetuate a DDoS attack."

Seven people associated with Megaupload were indicted by a US grand jury earlier this month, according to the Department of Justice.

Those charged include Finn Batato, 38, who was the chief marketing officer; Julius Bencko, 35, the graphic designer; Sven Echternach, 39, the head of business development; Mathias Ortmann, 40, the chief technical officer, co-founder and director; Andrus Nomm, 32, a software programmer and head of the development software division; and Bram van der Kolk, 29, who is accused of overseeing programming for Megaupload websites.

Dotcom, Batato, Ortmann and van der Kolk were arrested in New Zealand on Thursday.



I* COMPREHENSION

1. True or False, find the evidence in the text:
a) The FBI didn't expect Anonymous' attack.
b) Nowadays, people are aware when they are taking part in illegal attacks by Internet.

2. Answer the question:

a) Which is what they cause unwanted attacks to download?
b) What did Anonymous suggest to do?
c) Why has Anonymous launched those attacks against US government?

II* USE OF ENGLISH

1. Find in the text the world which has the following definition:
“Promote the dissemination of something”.

2. Which word does not have the same meaning?:
daily / journal / everyday / diary.

3. Give a noun with the same root as “want” (adjective; line 20).

4. Turn the following sentence into the active voice:
“LOIC allows computers to join in an attack”.

5. Find the synonyms in the text of:
Caused (I paragraph), Enables (III paragraph).

6. Fill in the gap a correct form of the verb in brackets:
“We _there if we wanted to see him arriving” (Stay).

7. Complete the following sentence. Make it true for you:
“If I had done what I was asked to, .”

8. Rewrite this sentence using the word in bracket.
“Linda gave Ron a car for his birthday” (Was).

III* COMPOSITION
1. What do you think about closing Megaupload?
2. Do you use Megaupload frequently? Why or why not?


BAC K